Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal and Corporate Supply Chains



Type of Resource

PDF document

Year of Release



Construction & Materials, Food & Beverage, Personal & Household Goods, Health Care, Travel & Leisure, Technology



Sub Categories

Human Trafficking

Issues Addressed

Human Rights, Labour


Research on risk in 43 commodities worldwide.

It provides the framework and resources necessary to understand the risk of human trafficking in global supply chains, and can help readers begin to assess the risk of human trafficking in particular federal supply chains.


More than twenty million men, women and children around the world are currently believed to be victims of human trafficking, a global criminal industry estimated to be worth $150.2 billion annually. As defined in the US Department of State’s 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report), the terms “trafficking in persons” and “human trafficking” refer broadly to “the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion,” irrespective of whether the person has been moved from one location to another.

A variety of factors contribute to risk of human trafficking in global supply chains. Some risk factors derive from the characteristics of specific economic sectors, reflecting the types of products and industries involved, typical sourcing patterns, types of labor involved in production or supply of the product, and the nature of the workforce in question. Other risk factors derive from conditions within particular, geographically-specific supply chains. Some of these reflect circumstances in the country in which production or service delivery takes place; others reflect conditions in the country supplying the labor (which may or may not be the same as the country of production/service delivery).